Student Athletes

Links to Websites l Stress and the Student Athlete

Leadership Development Programs and Resources -  http://www.ncaa.org/about/resources/leadership-development-programs-and-resources

The NCAA Leadership Development department provides life skills support in the areas of academics, athletics, personal development, career development and service through the distribution of accessible resources, strategic partnerships and customized programming at little or no expense to member institutions.

Managing Student Athletes Mental Health Issues -  https://www.princeton.edu/uhs/pdfs/NCAA%20Managing%20Student-Athletes%20Mental%20Health%20Issues.pdf

A student-athlete’s “mental health” might be viewed as secondary to physical health; however, it is every bit as important. It makes little sense to try to separate the “mind” and “body.” One affects the other. Medical problems often have psychological or emotional consequences.

National College Athlete Association -  http://www.ncaa.org/student-athletes

Remaining Eligible -  http://www.ncaa.org/student-athletes/current/remaining-eligible

This section contains links to resources on the history and pervasiveness of wagering in intercollegiate athletics, as well as resources to help administrators and student-athletes keep their programs and teams clear of gambling-related problems.

Staying on Track to Graduate -  http://www.ncaa.org/student-athletes/current/staying-track-graduate

Because we believe success in the classroom is just as important as winning on the field, we have standards to ensure student-athletes make progress toward a degree – every year and every season. You need to meet these standards to be eligible to play.

Student Athlete Voice -  http://www.ncaa.org/student-athletes/current/student-athlete-voice

Student-athletes come together throughout the NCAA to make their voices heard on their campuses, in their conferences and nationally in all three divisions.

Student Athletes- Barriers to Performance -  http://mitalk.umich.edu/article/63

As the level of commitment grows, so does the expectation on your performance. Many student athletes admit the pressure to succeed on the collegiate level seriously impacts their focus.

Stress and the Student Athlete

What do you think of when you hear the term student athlete? For many, it is an image of a person that excels not only on the playing field but also in the classroom. Most people don’t realize that students who participate in intercollegiate sports have the potential to be at a greater risk for depression, anxiety and other mental health issues. Student athletes practice and compete as a team and individually to succeed at their sport. Successful athletes know that their game can only be as good as their attitude, focus and desire to win.

In addition to the normal developmental challenges that all college students face, student athletes face added pressures because of the commitment and participation level that college athletics demand. Research suggests that 10-15% of college athletes are at risk of developing mental health issues due to the increased stress and anxiety of participating in a college sport. This may lead to a diagnosis of depression, anxiety, substance abuse and eating disorders.

One source of pressure for student athletes is how they may prioritize their role/ identity. As they are referred, they are a student first and athlete second. For example, practices and competitions might interfere with attending class or doing homework, or at the very least create a time-management conflict. These issues can affect student athletes as they learn to adapt to the multiple and often changing demands of college life. Adapting to be a member of a team can also have its challenges (and rewards). The nature of a team requires its members to participate actively and to adhere to a standard of group rules. For some student athletes, the group dynamic may be difficult to embrace with the mix of personalities that comprise their team.

Athletic performance is another area of stress and anxiety for the student athlete. If typical stress and anxiety symptoms present themselves, i.e., sleeplessness, loss of appetite, fatigue, etc., the student’s athletic performance will tend to suffer. Also, external pressures to perform well by coaches, parents and teammates can lead to poor performance. Injuries can also have a dramatic impact on a student athlete and can damage their self-esteem and identity. too often we read about athletic careers ending before they even begin due to a serious injury which forever changes that individual’s future.

Most athletes can appreciate that some anxiety before competition can help improve performance. However, excessive anxiety can be debilitating to a student athlete. It can create problems with focus and concentration, fears about performance and a self-deprecating attitude. Oftentimes, student athletes have been supported by many to get to where they are with both academics and sports and they don’t want to disappoint others. Student athletes face a multitude of stressors that can create or exacerbate present mental health issues.

Counseling can be helpful to student athletes. There may be reluctance to seek help because of a strong desire to be self-reliant or because of stigma associated with seeking help. Also, for many student athletes there might just not be enough time in the day. Counseling can help student athletes in areas of time management, develop positive coping skills, anxiety and stress reduction and working out interpersonal issues. It can be important for coaches, trainers, families and teammates to be aware of how mental health issues can impact both overall functioning and athletic performance and to encourage their student athlete to seek help when needed.

Article was provided written by Frank Kozlowski, Contributor at http://www.hawkeyenews.net/sports/2013/12/04/stress-and-the-student-athlete/